Tour of Nessebar, UNESCO World Heritage Site (Bulgaria)
Nessebar is an ancient town and one of the major seaside resorts on the Bulgarian Black Sea Coast, located in Burgas Province. It is the administrative center of the homonymous Nessebar Municipality. Often referred to as the "Pearl of the Black Sea", Nessebar is a rich city-museum defined by more than three millenia of ever-changing history. It is one of the most prominent tourist destinations and seaports on the Black Sea. Nessebar has on several occasions found itself on the frontier of a threatened empire, and as such it is a town with a rich history. The ancient part of the town is situated on a peninsula (previously an island) connected to the mainland by a narrow man-made isthmus, and it bears evidence of occupation by a variety of different civilizations over the course of its existence. Its abundance of historic buildings prompted UNESCO to include Nessebar in its list of World Heritage Sites in 1983. Originally a Thracian settlement known as Mesambria, the town became a Greek colony when settled by Dorians from Megara at the beginning of the 6th century BC, and was an important trading center from then on and a rival of Apollonia (Sozopol). It remained the only Dorian colony along the Black Sea Coast, as the rest were typical Ionian colonies. In 425-424 BC the town joined the Delian League, under the leadership of Athens. Remains from the Hellenistic period include the acropolis, a temple of Apollo, and an agora. A wall which formed part of the fortifications can still be seen on the north side of the peninsula. Bronze and silver coins were minted in the city since the 5th century BC and gold coins since the 3rd century BC. The town fell under Roman rule in 71 BC, yet continued to enjoy privileges such as the right to mint its own coinage.
The tour of the
historic peninsular town of Nessebar (UNESCO World Heritage Site) includes visits to the Archaeological Museum and
the Old Town Quarter with numerous Byzantine style churches dating from 5th
to 17th century.