Montenegro is located between 41º 52´-43º 42´ north latitude and 18º26´- 20 º 22´ east longitudes and belongs to the central Mediterranean that is Southern Europe.
To the north it borders Serbia, to the southeast Kosovo and Albania, to the south it is separated from Italy by the Adriatic Sea and to the west it borders Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Area: 13.812 km²
Population: 620 000
Length of borders: 614 km
Capital: Podgorica (186 000 inhabitants) – administrative and economic centre
Royal capital: Cetinje – historical and cultural centre
Length of the sea coast: 293 km
Number of beaches: 117
Length of beaches: 52 km
Longest beach: Velika plaža (Ulcinj) - 13 km
Highest mountain peaks: Maja Rosit (Prokletije) - 2.524 m, Zla Kolata (Prokletije) – 2534m n.v.; Dobra Kolata (Prokletije)- 2528m v.n.; Bobotov Kuk (Durmitor) -2523 m v.n.
Largest lake: Skadar Lake (391 m²)
Deepest canyon: Tara (1.300 m)
National parks: Durmitor, Biogradska gora, Skadarsko jezero, Lovćen, Prokletije
Largest bay: the Bay of Kotor
Average air temperature: 27.4 ºC (summer)
Maximum sea temperature: 27.1 º C
Average number of sunny days during the year: 240
Swimming season: 180 days
Sea: dark blue
Transparency of the sea: 38-56 m
Time zone: GTM +1
Electrical power system: 220V/50Hz
A state with a long tradition, the meeting point of different cultural and religious influences on the border of Orthodox East and Catholic West, today’s Montenegro is a multi-confessional and multi-ethnic environment functioning in perfect harmony.
Traces of human presence date from the distant Paleolithic times, evidence of which has been found at the archaeological site Crvena Stijena (Red Rock). The first known ethnic groups, numerous Illyrian tribes originated from the 5th-2nd centuries B.C. After this period, the region became part of the newly formed province of Prevalis, under the patronage of Imperial Rome. Evidence of this period are found in the numerous settlements of an urban type, formed around previous Illyrian settlements – Doclea, Municipium S, Medun, Budva, Ulcinj, Risan, etc.
After the collapse of the great Roman Empire, this region was conquered by Byzantine rulers, which in the middle of the 6th century were faced with the emergence of the Slavs. After several centuries of ethnic assimilation of numerous Christianised Slavs with the native and Roman population, the origins of the first state organisation were started at the beginning of the 9th century – historically known as Doclea, headed by Prince Petar. Doclea, known as Zeta from the 11th century, as a principality and kingdom, with the respectable Vojislavljević dynasty and its own church structure – the famous archdiocese of Bar, existed until the end of the 12th century, when its territory was conquered by the Serbian Nemanjić dynasty.
In the second half of the 14th century and during the 15th century, Doclea-Zeta restored its state sovereignty. From the 15th century, Montenegro was ruled by the Balšić and Crnojević ruling families. New political and historical circumstances were created with the emergence of mighty Ottoman invaders. Century-long battles were conducted against them.
From the 17th century, Montenegro was ruled by the Petrović-Njegoš dynasty. Secular rulers were also spiritual rulers for 155 years, after which is became a principality, and after that a kingdom. At the Berlin Congress of 1878, Montenegro became an internationally recognized country.
After World War I and the fall of the Petrović-Njegoš dynasty, Montenegro became part of the newly formed South Slavic states – the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, and subsequently the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After restoring part of its state sovereignty, following World War II, Montenegro had the status of republic, and was a federal member of the Federal People’s Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
By the majority decision of its citizens, Montenegro restored its independence on May 21, 2006, becoming an internationally recognised state.
Montenegrin is the official language. The Montenegrin alphabet is the collective name given to "Abeceda" (Montenegrin Latin alphabet) and "Азбука" (Montenegrin Cyrillic alphabet), the writing systems used to write the Montenegrin language
Abeceda: A B C Č Ć D Dž Đ E F G H I J K L Lj M N Nj O P R S Š Ś T U V Z Ž Ź
Azbuka: А Б В Г Д Ђ Е Ж З З́ И Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ О П Р С С́ Т Ћ У Ф Х Ц Ч Џ Ш
Mostly spoken foreign language is English.
|How are you? What’sup?||
|Bye! See you!||
Ćao! Vidimo se!
|Have a nice day!||
|What is the time?||
Koliko je sati?
U koje vrijeme...?
|How much is it?||
Montenegro has a Mediterranean climate on the coast, with alpine conditions in the mountains. The average summer coastal temperature is 27°C (81°F), and this is peak season (Jul-Aug), when the majority of visitors come here. Those who can’t bear the summer heat would do well to head inland for the mountains, where summer night time temperatures drop as low as 12°C (54°F).
In shoulder season (May-Jun and Sep-Oct) you can expect sunny days on the shores of the Adriatic – the sea is warm enough to swim, but without the crowds, and average daytime temperatures are 20°C (69°F). This is the ideal time for outdoor activities such as hiking and cycling, though bear in mind that there will be sporadic rain in the mountains.
In low season (Nov-Apr), many hotels and restaurants along the coast shut completely. The weather remains mild, with the average daytime winter temperature being 7°C (44°F). Inland, however, there is substantial snowfall in the mountains, with the average daytime winter temperature in Kolašin hovering around 0°C (32°F). In fact, Dec-Mar is peak season for inland towns such as Kolašin and Žabljak, which are popular ski resorts.
BRINGING IN FOOD AND DRINKS
Food which makes part of passenger baggage and is intended to be used during the travel shall not be subject to inspection.
In Montenegro it is allowed to bring in products for infant feeding and dietetic food used for medical reasons, provided that it does not require special methods of storage. These products must have a declaration and undamaged packaging.
Tourists are allowed to have in their luggage dried fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, raw coffee, spices and teas whose total weight must be less than one kilogram and one liter of alcoholic beverage in original packaging with declaration.
Bringing in two liters of another beverage is allowed and it must also have declaration and must be packed in the original packaging. Bringing in up to five liters of bottled water in its original packaging is also allowed.
Combined and other food that is packaged, with a declaration, intended for direct consumption, and requires no special storage temperature regime, packed in its original packaging, unless it is currently being used, can be brought in, in the total amount of up to one kilogram - sandwiches, cookies, etc.
You can get to Montenegro by all the means of transport at any time and in every season by land, sea or air, by plane, boat, yacht, train, bicycle, car etc. Anything is possible – in the morning you can be on the top of the mountain, in the afternoon you can sail on the lake and in the end of the day you can be on the sea shore.
It takes only two hours to get to Montenegro from most of the European capitals. There are two international airports – in Podgorica (12 km from the city) and Tivat (4 km from the city centre). www.montenegroairports.com
Companies which regularly fly to the airports of Montenegro are the following: Montenegro Airlines, Air Serbia, Turkish Airlines, Austrian Airways, Alitalia, Adria Airways, Rayanair and in summer months –numerous charter companies operate.
The roads are good and the sea and high mountains are connected by the Adriatic road and the new road Risan-Žabljak. The fastest way to reach the sea from Podgorica is through the tunnel Sozina.
Total length of the roads in Montenegro is 5,277 km. In Montenegro there is no highway, but there are roads with three lanes on some sections. On the other side Montenegro has a significant number of tunnels and bridges on its roads.
Check schedule, book or simply buy a ticket through service BusTicket4.me
Passenger and freight ferries regularly operate on the lines Bar-Bari and Bar-Ancona. The ports of Bar, Budva, Kotor and Herceg-Novi have a status of ports for international traffic.
For the most beautiful and largest yachts (to 150 meters long) there is Porto Montenegro in Tivat which is a marina with comprehensive services.
Railroad network connects Montenegro with Serbia and Albania. The most important railroad is Bar-Belgrade It brings tourists from Serbia, Albania, Hungary, Czech Republic and Russia.
Airports: Airport Podgorica (TGD) and Airport Tivat (TIV) - www.montenegroairports.com
Roads: with Serbia (Ranče, Čemerno, Dobrakovo, Kula, Draženovac, Vuče), with Albania (Božaj, Sukobin, Grnčar), with B&H (Sitnica, Ilino brdo, Vraćenovići, Krstac, Nudo, Šćepan Polje, Metaljka, Šula), with Croatia (Debeli brijeg, Kobila)
Railways: with Serbia and Albania (Tuzi)
Seaports: the ports of Bar, Budva, Kotor, Tivat, Zelenika, Risan
VISA REGIMES Overview of visa regimes for foreign citizens
REGISTRATION OF YOUR STAY IN MONTENEGRO
All foreign citizens without registered permanent residence are obliged to register with police and report change of address 24 hours after they enter the county. If you are staying in a hotel or private accommodation owners of these facilities will do it for you.You can get to Montenegro by all the means of transport at any time and in every season by land, sea or air, by plane, boat, yacht, train, bicycle, car etc. Anything is possible – in the morning you can be on the top of the mountain, in the afternoon you can sail on the lake and in the end of the day you can be on the sea shore.
Official means of payment in Montenegro is EUR (€).
Seven banknotes in the following denominations are in circulation: 5€, 10€, 20€, 50€, 100€, 200€ and 500€ and eight coins of 1€ and2€ as well as 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 cents.
Foreign currency exchange is conducted in commercial banks and exchange offices.
In Montenegro you can use the following credit cards:
Visa, Visa Electron, MasterCard, Maestro, American Express, Diners.
You can pay by credit cards in the largest number of catering facilities, restaurants, hotels, bars, gas stations, food stores and consumer goods shops.
In all towns there are ATMs where you can raise money.
IMPORTANT NOTICE: If you plan to use your credit/debit card in Montenegro, please inform your bank on your intention before departure! Otherwise it is very possible that your bank will block your account/ card for security reasons when you try to use it abroad! Unblocking your card, when abroad, may cost you lots of phone calls and troubles!
WORKING HOURS AND HOLIDAYS
Common working hours of the shops is 09.00-21.00h.
Food shops are open from 06.00-21.00h. In tourist places in tourist season almost all shops are open until 24.00h.
Working hours of post offices and banksThe largest number of post offices works from 08.00-20.00h. In summer time they work longer hours. Banks are open from 08.00-20.00h.
Holidays1st January – New Year7th January – Christmas1st May – International Labour Day21st May – Independence Day of Montenegro13th July – Statehood Day of Montenegro
Religious holidaysChristmas, Easter and BayramAll holidays in Montenegro are celebrated two days. Major religious holidays are also celebrated.
If holiday falls on a Sunday, the following two days are deemed to be a holiday. If the second day of holiday falls on a Sunday, the following workday is deemed to be a public holiday.
There are no particular health risks in travelling to Montenegro. Quality health care is readily available in Montenegro and pharmacists can give valuable advice sell medication for minor illnesses. The standard of dental care is also good.
ELECTRICITY:220 V, 50 Hertz.
Outlets in Montenegro generally accept 1 type of plug - two round pins. If your appliances plug has a different shape, you may need a plug adapter.
Relaxation and recreation are basic reasons for tourism. However, every trip is associated with certain health risks of which many can be avoided or significantly reduced if we are prepared and if we behave in appropriate manner during our vacation.
Before going to a longer journey, you should get informed about all details and all potential risks of such journey and in accordance with this information implement preventive protection measures.
Recommendations to all who are getting ready for a vacation are the following:
On the road• Start your trip (drive) after a good night sleep. • If you travel by car, avoid traffic jams and before you start your trip get informed about the situation on the road. • Adjust speed to the conditions on the road and respect speed limits. • Drive in appropriate footwear, do not use mobile phones, alcohol or carbonated drinks while driving. • If you travel with small children, plan everything well in advance. • Prepare enough food and water for children and moderately use air-conditioning in the car. • If you have a chronic disease, pay special attention. • Find out well in advance about the quality and availability of local health care services in the place where you are going to spend your vacation.
On the sea• Sunbathing from 10.00h – 17.00h is not recommended. • Sunbathing in the morning until 10.00h and in the afternoon from 17.00h is recommended with the use of protective sun creams particularly for children.• Do not swim out of the marked swimming zones and do not leave them on the floating recreational vessels. • Do not expose yourself to dangers while swimming or diving. • If you feel tiredness during sunbathing, exhaustion, headache, vomiting or high temperature go immediately to the lifeguard on the beach and to the closest health care facility.
In nature• Get informed in all details about the place where you are going to stay in nature and check in advance weather forecast. • Use marked paths and roads to get to the location and wear adequate footwear and clothes. • Prepare adequate quantities of water. • Take mobile phones with fully charged batteries and lamps and spare lamp batteries. • Take children to the nature trips only when you plan such trips in details. • During your stay in nature do not light fire and do not throw cigarette butts or inflammable objects.
BEST SEASON TO GO
Montenegro’s popularity as a holiday destination has been growing over the years, thanks to its magnificent coastline and historical towns. If you want to avoid the summer tourist crowds, there are plenty of rivers, valleys and lakes that guarantee superb adventures all year round.
Montenegro is a safe country. Based on results of our guest survey most of the tourists fill safe during thier stay in Montenegro. For any urgences international distress call 112 is at your disposal.