Project type: Field school & archaeological excavation. The variety of activities and the team's professionalism and flexibility make this project suitable for both beginners and those advanced in field Roman and Late Roman Archaeology.
NB! The project is especially appropriate for who would like to gather intense experience with practical archaeological work: mainly technical documentation (drawing & photography), filling of context sheets and inventory cards, pottery reading and statistics etc.
The field school started: 2016
Site: Mansio Lissae – Roman Road Station, situated between the small towns of Septemvri and Vetren, southern Bulgaria.
Project venue: Villa Terres is a newly built tourist complex including a spa hotel and a winery. It is located in the southern part of the village of Karabunar, 8 km (5 mi) from the motorway exit "Trakia" on the road to Velingrad. During the project work days all participants will be taken from the hotel to the site (which is located 8 km away) and back.
Period(s) of occupation: Roman, Late Roman, Medieval
Major field school topics/activities: Archaeological field techniques and methods for excavation and documentation; Roman and Late Roman fortification and architecture; documentation and conservation of Roman and Late Roman finds (mainly pottery & metal), excursions to significant heritage sites in Thrace, Bulgaria.
BHF partners in this project: Archaeological Museum "Prof. Mieczyslaw Domaradzki",Septemvri, New Bulgarian University (Bulgaria)
Dig director & field school coordinators: Alexander Manev (PhD Candidate in Archaeology, Department of Classical Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences); Angela Pencheva (PhD in Classical Archaeology; Balkan Heritage Foundation & Field School Program Coordinator)
Application deadlines: until the places are filled or 10 July 2020
Minimum length of stay for participants: two weeks
Minimum age: 18 (16, if the participant is accompanied by an adult family member)
Number of field school places available: Maximum 18
Project language: English
Experience required: None
Special requirements: Participation in the project is not recommended for individuals with solar allergies or other special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. The average September temperatures in the area are 25-30⁰ C (77-86° F) or higher. All participants should bring clothes and toiletries suitable for hot and sunny weather but should also prepare for possible rainy, windy and chilly days.
All participants are also expected to prepare by reading (at least) the BHFS handbook chapter about archaeological excavation techniques and methods (reading materials will be sent by e-mail to all registered students before the beginning of the project.)
Participants will use the tools and equipment available at the site and are not expected to bring any additional equipment.
Via Diagonalis (Via Militaris) became the most important road through the Balkan Peninsula in Roman times when it connected the city of Singidunum (today’s Belgrade, Serbia) on the Danube River with Byzantium (Istanbul) – the city which would later become the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire. The road is ca. 1000 km (600 miles) long and passes through large important Roman cities like Naissus, Serdica, Philippopolis and Hadrianopolis. It is the fundamental connection between the western part of the Empire and the East. It was also the official route for armies moving throughout the provinces.
Mansio Lissae, later renamed Bona Mansio (Lat. Good Station) is one of the few archaeologically identified Roman road stations on the route of Via Diagonalis. The initial name of the site derives from the putative nearby Thracian settlement of Lissa. The road station was a fortified structure, one of many, intended to safeguard the main road. It is situated in the Thracian Valley, between the Roman cities of Serdica (modern Sofia) and Philippopolis (modern Plovdiv). The station is in the form of an irregular tetragon, surrounded by thick walls with corner towers. The ruins of the fortification are still visible high above ground.
The very first investigations of the site were limited sounding trenches dug in 2002 within a Bulgarian-French archaeological campaign which sought to research the ancient legacy of the region. The trenches have revealed a thick cultural layer of over 3 meters in depth. The ruins of fortification walls as high as 4 meters were also unearthed. The archaeologists discovered Roman pottery and coins from the 3rd and 4th CE. Nevertheless, the chronology and characteristics of the structure still remain unclear.
Although no modern construction threatens the Roman cultural legacy, the site is considered endangered. Since Roman archaeological valuables attract the interest of many people, during the last decades, the site has turned into a training ground for treasure hunters. The hazard of further destruction, as well as scientific interest in the site, have set this project into motion. With the first archaeological campaigns in 2016 - 2019, BHF aimed also to draw the attention of the local community and the interest of the surrounding municipalities to put this endangered site on their priority list for protection of cultural heritage. Currently BHF is still the main sponsor of the excavations and the entire income from the field school participation fees for the 2020 season will be spent on financing the archaeological campaign!
The practical goal of the excavation in 2021 is to continue uncovering the fortification wall and to create a long-term strategy for the preservation of the architectural elements of the settlement. The scientific aspect of the project aims to gather information about the character and the chronological development of the site and thus to contribute to the study of the Roman road system in Thrace. In accordance to these objectives the starting campaign of the project is set with the following tasks:
The project sessions available in 2021 include the following three modules:
The excavation project in 2021 will take place over four weeks: from 22 August until 19 September. Field school sessions with flexible duration are available in this time period: two two-week sessions, a three-week session and a four- week session. Participants who join the three- and four-week project session will be able to further develop their skills and competences regarding the field work and finds processing, gained during the first two-week session and to attend a number of extra lectures, workshops and two excursions to the major Roman city of Diocletianopolis and a military outpost on Via Diagonalis.
All participants will receive:
Instructors, Trainers and Area Supervisors:
Two-week field school sessions provide a minimum of 85 hours of fieldwork and training, workshops, lectures and guided tours as follows:
NB! Please note that agenda for the second two-week session (5 - 19 of September) is going to be the same as the agenda for the second two weeks of the four-week session.
The three-week session provides a minimum of 120 hours of fieldwork and training, workshops, lectures and guided tours incorporating all those of the two-week session in addition to the following:
Guided tours to:
The four-week session provides a minimum of 180 hours of fieldwork and training, workshops, lectures and guided tours incorporating all those of the three week session in addition to the following:
Arrival and check-in at Villa Terres, Karabunar, Pazardzhik district, Bulgaria by 7.00 pm
8.00 pm - 9.30 pm - Traditional Bulgarian welcome dinner.
Transfers from the Sofia or Plovdiv airports can be arranged for an additional fee upon request.
Morning: Presentation of the Balkan Heritage Field School and collaborative universities & institutions, the project and the participants. Ice-breakers.
Afternoon: Introductory lectures. Visit to Septemvri Archaeological Museum and the ancient sites of Bona Manio and Emporion Pistiros.
6.30 am - 7.00 am - Breakfast
7.10 am - 7.25 am - Travel to the site
7.30 am - 10.30 am - Fieldwork*
10.30 am - 11.00 am - Break
11.00 am - 1.00 pm - Fieldwork*
1.00 pm - 4.30 pm - Lunch and Siesta break
4.30 pm - 6.30 pm - Lectures/Workshops/Finds processing **
8.00 pm - 9.00 pm - Dinner
*In rare cases of rain, the project provides substitute activities including finds processing workshops and film projections at Villa Terres.
**Lectures and workshops in the area of Classical and Field Archaeology, focused on Roman and Late Antique periods in Thrace.
The following excursions are included in the field school program and covered by the admission fee:
29 August (Sunday): One-day excursion to the ancient town of Plovdiv – European capital of Culture 2019
5 September (Sunday): One-day excursion to the town of Hisarya (the Roman city and spa complex of Diocletianopolis)
12 September (Sunday): Visit to the Medieval fortress of Tzepina
Departure day. Check-out by 12.30 pm.
Transfers to the airports in Sofia and Plovdiv can be arranged for an additional fee upon request.
Villa Terres provides SPA center with sauna, steam bath and swimming pool for free to all field school participants. The BHFS team can assist with the organization of additional leisure activities for participants upon request such as hiking, wine-tasting outside the Villa, movies etc.
Lander J. Roman Stone Fortifications. Variation and Change from the First Century AD to the Fourth, BAR International Series 206, 1984
Johnson S. Late Roman Fortifications, London, 1983
Hayes J.W. Late Roman Pottery, London, 1972
Hayes J.W. Handbook of Mediterranean Roman Pottery,
Pena J.T. Roman Pottery in the Archaeological Record, Cambridge, 2007
Valeva, J., Nankov, E., Graninger D. (ed.) A Companion to Ancient Thrace, Wiley Blackwell, 2015
Van Tilburg C. Traffic and Congestion in the Roman Empire, Routledge, 2007
Roman Imperial Coinage vol. 1-10
Project venue: Villa Terres is located in the village of Karabunar, 84 km/52 mi away from the Bulgarian capital Sofia and just 8 km/5 mi away from the "Trakia" motorway exit to Velingrad. The distance from the villa to the site is approx. 15 km/9.5 mi, and it takes approx. 15/20 min to drive.
The nearest air terminals are: Sofia (Bulgaria, 84 km/52 mi away) and Plovdiv (Bulgaria, 50 km/ 34 mi away.) If participants arrive at one of these airports, a transfer to Villa Terres in Karabunar can be arranged by request. Individual or group transfer prices may vary, depending on the number of passengers, from 25 to 100 EUR. Ask for details.
How to get there: Participants who individually arrange their travel will be expected to arrive at Villa Terres on the arrival day by 7.00 pm. It may be reached by bus from Sofia (approx. 1 ½ hrs). A detailed travel info-sheet will be provided to enrolled students.
Visa requirements: Citizens of the EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia and New Zealand do not need a visa to visit Bulgaria or any of Bulgaria’s neighboring countries for up to 90 days, with the exception of Turkey. However, the Turkish government facilitates tourism by providing the option for obtaining an e-visa at www.evisa.gov.tr/en/. Citizens of all other countries may need a visa.The Balkan Heritage Foundation can send an official invitation letter that should be used at the relevant embassy to secure a visa to the program. For further details please visit our Visa information page.
Accommodation*: Villa Terres Hotel - in comfortable rooms with two to three beds (bathrooms with shower and WC), equipped with a/c and TV in a local newly built hotel. The hotel has a small swimming pool and spa, free of charge for the participants in the field school. There are cheap laundry services and free Wi-Fi is provided. Extra night - 30 EUR (per night per person), Single room - 200 EUR (for two-week period).
Subject to change. May be substituted with similar level accommodation.
Meals: Three meals (fresh, organic Bulgarian homemade food) per day are covered by the admission fee. They usually take place (except the lunch packages during the excursions) in the hotel’s restaurant. Requests for vegetarian food are accepted. Brown-bag lunches are provided during the excursions and days off.
Participants must pay on their own for extra days and for single room accommodation as well as for extra meals, beverages, services and products!
Free time: Possible leisure activities during the siesta and days off in and around Karabunar are: swimming in/sunbathing around the hotel pool, hiking in the Rhodope Mountains, wine-tasting , visiting local tourist sites, traveling by the narrow gauge train to Velingrad (popular and larger spa and wellness town) or shopping and sightseeing in the neighboring cities of Pazardzhik and Plovdiv.
Insurance: The admission fee does not cover insurance. It is mandatory to arrange your own health insurance before your trip to Bulgaria. All EU citizens can use Bulgarian medical services, as long as they can provide evidence of their home-country health insurance with a card/certificate, etc.
Weather: South-European climate dominates in the field school area, making summers hot (30-40° C, 86-104° F). Rainy and chilly days in this season are rare but not excluded.
What to bring?
NB! Excavation & documentation tools and materials, as well as working gloves are available at the site.
In order to participate in this educational project the BHFS expects all participants to reimburse their related costs, i.e. B&B accommodation (hotel + breakfast per day), tools, materials, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees and other administrative costs. All participants are invited to support the project realization through donations. Information about all related costs will be published as soon as the WHO organization announces the end of the Covid 19 global pandemic.
Admission Fee Transfer Options:
For further information contact Admissions Office at [email protected]
New Bulgarian University grants 6 ECTS credits to students for attending two-week sessions and 9 ECTS credits for attending the four-week session. Transcripts of Records (ToR) are available upon request for an additional tuition fee. For details: Regulations for obtaining Transcripts of Records.