Çanakkale and Troy

Çanakkale and Troy   


 

Located on the southern shore of theDardanellesstrait (Hellespont), Çanakkalewas the major strong-point in the defense of the Dardanelles from the time of the Trojans through World War I.The city is the nearest major town to the site of ancientTroy.

The first thing to look at inÇanakkaleis the Dardanelles(Hellespont, Çanakkale Boğazı), the broad strait with a fast current that separates Gallipoliand Europe from Çanakkale and Asia. Also known as theHellespont, the Dardanelles is famous as well as achallenge to swimmers.Lord Byronfamously swam it himself.

Çanakkale's Archeological Museum(Arkeoloji Müzesi)is about 2 km (1.3 miles) south of the main square and clock tower. The exhibits range from ancient fossils through the Bronze Age to more modern times, with the most interesting ones being about Troy.

Troyis an ancient city in what is now northwesternTurkey, made famous inHomer’s epic poem, theIliad. Today it is an archaeological site popular with travellers from all over the world, and in addition to being a Turkish national park, it is on theWorld Heritage List of UNESCO.

Troy was first excavated by Frank Calvert in 1863 CE and visited by Heinrich Schliemann who continued excavations from 1870 CE until his death in 1890 CE. Initial finds by Schliemann ofgoldand silver jewellery and vessels seemed to vindicate his belief that the site was actually the Troy of Homer. However, these have now been dated to more than a thousand years before a probable date for the Trojan War and indicated that the history of the site was much more complex than previously considered.The excavations continued throughout the 20th century CE and continue to the present day and they have revealed that Troy was destroyed and rebuilt nine times over, and each of nine different layers still has something left to this day. The layer that is thought to be depicted in Homer's Iliad is likely Troy VII, a portion of the legendary walls of which is still intact.

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