Pirot and the Middle Nishava Region

Pirot And The Middle Nishava Region   

Pirot is one of the biggest Serbian municipalities in area, located in the south of the country, near Bulgarian border. The town has a rich culture with notable Orthodox church buildings, including the Church of St. Petka, and the monastery of St. Georges and St. John the Theologian from the late 14th century, both displaying some fine examples of medieval Serbian architecture.

The Nišava River divides Pirot into two parts - Pazar and Tijabar. If you visit the area, you will discover an Orthodox church in each neighborhood dating back to Turkish power where the oldest one built in 1834 is in Pazar.

Roads and borders have been of key importance for the fate of this town, built on the foundations of the ancient Roman settlement of Tures. The road Via Militaris once passing through this areawas the shortest route connecting the central Europe with the Orient. Besides its rich cultural –historical heritage, Pirot is also characterized with natural resources because of its location on Stara planina.

Overall one of the most valuable constructions of the Balkans' urban architecture lies in Pirot.The numerous churches and monasteries along the Nishava river have always attracted archaeologists attention.

Nishava Valley on another hand is part of the natural way in the past, connecting Europe and Asia. The road follows the valley of Great Moravia River, Nishava River and Maritsa River to Istanbul.

Niš Fortress is located on the River Nishava in the city center andis one of the most beautiful and best preserved buildings from the Turkish military architecture in the central Balkans.It was built in the early18thcenturyby the Turksconstructed upon Roman and mediaeval foundations.

The skull tower on another hand - this horrific monument, unique in the world was built after the Battle of Cegar along the road to Constantinople, as a warning to anyone rising against the Ottoman Empire. A mid 19th century document reads that the tower was rectangular, 4.5 meters wide and 4 meters long.

The Gallery Synagoguе was built in 1925 thus today it’s not used for religious ceremonies but rather as a cultural monument. Many concerts , exhibitions , literary events take place here.

Čukljenik is a village in municipality of Niska Banja, Nisavski region.The village dates back from 1516 according to the Turkish historical documents when the place was one of the 111th villages in the district. Near the village there is a well-known place Podkapina area, where “Podkapina festival” for etno music, dance and singing is held every year in the early August.

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