Project type: Field school & archaeological excavation.
About the project: The Romans in Illyricum Project enables students and volunteers to take part in an ongoing Roman dig, to learn about the Roman conquest, archaeology and civilization of the eastern Adriatic, and to visit the beautiful Mediterranean towns & coast of Montenegro and Croatia. The field school is targeted for students and young specialists in archaeology, heritage management and museum studies, but we also welcome anyone interested in field archaeology, Roman civilization, cultural heritage preservation and travel.
Major field school topics/activities: archaeological field techniques and methods for excavation and recording in regard of specifics of excavation of Classical Roman urban site; finds processing with focus on Roman pottery, glass & coins; introduction to Roman history & archaeology & trade & numismatics in the eastern Adriatic; as well as excursions to significant heritage sites in Montenegro and an optional tour of Dubrovnik (Croatia).
Site and venue: Archaeological site of Doclea in the northern suburbs of the Montenegrin capital city of Podgorica
Period in the project's focus: Classical Roman and Late Roman (First century - Fourth century CE)
BHF Partners in this project: Museums and Galleries of Podgorica and Municipality of Podgorica (Montenegro) and New Bulgarian University (Bulgaria)
Dig director: Dragan Radovich (MA in Archaeology), Museums and Galleries of Podgorica, Montenegro
Dates: 2 - 22 July, 2017
Application deadline: 1 June, 2017
Minimum length of stay: Three weeks
Minimum age: 18 (16, if the participant is accompanied by an adult family member)
Number of field school places available: Maximum 9
Project language: English
Academic credits available: Students can receive 6 ECTS credit units through New Bulgarian University, Bulgaria.
Experience Required: None
Special considerations: Participants will use the tools and equipment available at the site and are not expected to bring any additional equipment. The project is not recommended for individuals with special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. Note: Citizens of the EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand do not need an entry visa for Montenegro and Croatia. Citizens of countries not mentioned above should check in advance whether they will need entry visas for one or both countries. The cost of any visas is not included in the price of the field school.
The Roman city of Doclea is an important urban center of the eastern Adriatic Roman province of Dalmatia (1st - 3rd c. CE), the capital city of the Late Roman province of Praevalitana (3rd - 5th c. CE) and the most significant ancient site in Montenegro. It is 4 km (2,5 mi) away from the Downtown of the Montenegrin capital city of Podgorica. In the Roman times the city is situated near but aside from the crossroad of several main roads and thus isn’t mentioned by the most important Roman itineraries - Tabula Pointingeriana and Itinerarium Antonini. The Romans chose to build Doclea on the plateau bordered from three sides by the Zeta, Moraca and Siralija Rivers considering its strategic position.
The foundation of the city is related to the Roman effort to urbanize the newly established province of Dalmatia in the beginning of the 1st c. CE. Doclea was named after the Illyrian tribe Docleati on which territory it was built. It soon turns into an important trade center and receives the status of municipium during the Flavian Age along with other Dalmatian cities. Romans enforced the city’s protection through mighty 2,5 m - thick walls, towers, battlements and fortified bridges across the rivers. The city is built according to the classical urban grid plan. The East-West Via Principalis features the most important city buildings which remains are preserved nowadays: the triumphal arch dedicated to Emperor Gallienus, the temple & the statue of Roma, the temple of Diana, a palace, as well as the spacious and richly decorated city baths. The forum does not distinguish from the standard Roman forums at the time: square-shaped with a colonnaded porticoes that run the length of the space. Why is the basilica on the forum dedicated to the 15 y/o boy Flavius Frintanus Balbinus, whose gilded statue decorated the forum is still unknown. The city flourishes as a capital city of the Late Roman province of Praevalitana (3rd - 5th c. CE). The Early Christians churches and the large episcopal basilica dated to this period are located in the eastern urban and suburban areas both intra and extra murum. The bishop of Doclea Evandros is mentioned among the participants of the 4th Ecumenical Council held in Halkidon 451.
The city’s urban life declines after the Ostrogoths sacked Doclea in 490. It was devastated further during the earthquake of 518. It never restores its glory and during the following turbulent period of Avar and Slavic invasions the city is finally abandoned. Byzantine authors in the later periods often refer to Doclea as the birthplace of Diocletian and call it Dioclea which confused a lot of researchers by the mid-twentieth century.
The archaeological site of Doclea has attracted the attention of researchers since the 19th century. The first archaeological excavations took place in 1890 – 1892 directed by the Russian researcher Pavle Rovinski by the order of king Nikola I of Montenegro. In 1913 Piero Sticotti published the book "Roman town Doclea in Montenegro", which is so far the only monograph of the archaeological site. In the 1960s the necropoli of Doclea were excavated by the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. After that, only small-scale excavation projects were conducted at various sectors of the site.
This field school is an amazing opportunity for everyone to:
All participants will receive:
The three-week field school session provides a minimum of 120 astronomical hours of fieldwork, workshops/lab work, lectures/instructions and guided tours as follows:
Guided tours covered by the admission fee:
Optional tour: Two-day tour of Dubrovnik (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Croatia for the additional fee of 210 EUR
Students who should prepare field reports and presentations for their universities can receive additional instruction and assistance.
Arrival in Doclea Archaeological Park, Podgorica on 2 July, 2017 by 7.00 pm. Registration. Traditional welcome dinner
A pick-up can be arranged from Podgorica airport, train station and bus terminal upon request
Evening: Sightseeing of Podgorica
6.15 - 8.30 am - Fieldwork*
8.30 - 9.00 am - Breakfast
9.00 - 11.00 am - Fieldwork*
11.00 - 11.15 am - Break
11.15 am - 1.00 pm - Fieldwork*
1.30 - 2.30 pm - Lunch
2.30 - 5.00 pm - Siesta break
5.00 - 8.00 pm - Lectures/Workshops/Finds' processing
8.15 - 9.15 pm - Dinner
* In case of rain, the field school program provides substitute activities including finds' processing workshops and film projections
15, 16 July, 2017
Optional trip on 15-16 July, 2017 to Dubrovnik (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Croatia for the additional fee of 210 EUR
The BHFS team could organize/assist organization of various leisure activities for participants during their free time such as hiking, city sightseeing, wine-tasting, movies, shopping, kayaking, going to the beach etc.
Departure on 22 July, 2017 by 11.00 am
A drop-off can be arranged upon request to the Podgorica airport, train station and bus terminal
Baković M. Archaeological Research on the Locality of Doclea in 2009, Building № 9, New Antique Doclea I, Podgorica 2010. 67-7
Baković M. Preliminary Results of the Research into the Area of the Capitol Temple of the Doclea Site, New Antique Doclea II, Podgorica 2011, 09-26
Boardman, J., et al. (ed.) The Oxford History of the Classical World. Oxford & New York, 1986.
Brown, P. The World of Late Antiquity AD 150-750 (Library of World Civilization). Norton & Company, 1989.
Cvetković I. Numismatic Material From 2011 Excavations at the Archaeological Site Doclea, New Antique Doclea III, Podgorica 2012, 105-115.
Drašković D.,and Živanović M. Room 3/IX Pottery, a Contribution to Introduction of Doclea Everyday Life,New Antique Doclea II, Podgorica 2011, 57-98
Grant J., Gorin S. and Fleming N.. The Archaeology Course Book: an introduction to themes, sites, methods and skills. Routledge, 2008
Levi P. Podgoritza Cup,Heytrop Journal 4 / 1 Oxford 1963, 55-60
Munro J, and Ruskin A. Excavations in Montenegro, The Athenaeum vol. 2 / 1893 London, 459 – 460, 632.
Pett L. Doclea, Geophysical Survey Report, Oktober 2007, New Antique Doclea I, Podgorica, 2010, 07-44
Rehren T., and Cholakova A., Živanović M. The Making of Black Glass in Late Roman Doclea, Montenegro, New Antique Doclea III, Podgorica 2012, 71-91.
Renfrew, C. and Paul B.. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. New York, 2006
Sanader M. Dalmatia – Eine Roemische Provinz an der Adria, Mainz am Rhein 2009. 89,91,97,108,119
Sejović D., and Cemanović – Kuzmanović A.,Velimirović – Žižić O. La necropole romaine a Duklja (Doclea) pres de Titograd en Montenegro, Inventaria Archeologica fasc, 8, Beograd 1965
Sticotti P. Die Romische Stadt Doclea in Montenegro, Kaiserlische Akademie der Wisserschaften, Schiften der Balkankommission, Antiquarische Abteilung H. 6, Wien 1913
Živanović M. Archaeological Research into Room 3/IX, Preliminary Observations, New Antique Doclea II, Podgorica 2011, 27-56
Živanović M. and Stamenković A. On City Walls Of Ancient Doclea, New Antique Doclea III, Podgorica 2012, 115-145
Nearest Air Terminal: Podgorica (TGD)
How to get there? If participants arrive at either the Podgorica airport or bus/train stations, a taxi transfer to the project venue can be arranged by request for an additional fee of 10 EUR. Please, specify this in your application form.
Visa requirements: Citizens of EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia and New Zealand do not need a visa to visit Montenegro and Croatia. Citizens of all other countries may need a visa. The Balkan Heritage Foundation can send an official invitation letter that should be used at the relevant embassy to secure a visa to the program. For further details please visit our visa information page.
Accommodation: Participants will be accommodated in the air-conditioned cabin at the archaeological base amidst to the ancient ruins of Doclea, in rooms with two to three beds. The cabin has 2 shared bathrooms with showers and WC. A washing machine and Wi-Fi are available for free. An alternative higher standard accommodation (single rooms) is available upon request at Zenta Winery for an additional fee of 550 EUR. The winery is located 15 min away from the site on foot. Places are limited. Accommodation before and after the project can take place at the winery or in any other hotel at Podgorica. Participants have to pay extra for the additional days at the winery outside the project dates - the cost for a BB single-occupancy room is 35 EUR per person per day.
Meals: Three meals per day are covered by the admission fee. Meals usually take place at the site's premises & local taverns, except the brown-bag lunches (during the excursions). Requests for vegetarian food are accepted. Participants have to pay extra for any meals and beverages, services or products outside the project package.
Free time: Podgorica and Doclea area offer many opportunities for good entertainment, kayaking, hiking, wine-tasting, sightseeing, shopping etc. For more information see: http://podgorica.travel/en/. It takes just 30-40 min on either train or bus from Podgorica to the splendid Adriatic coast of Montenegro. Guided visits of Podgorica, including the downtown, the Museums and Galleries of the City, Kotor Bay area (UNESCO world heritage site), Budva and Bar are organized for all field school participants and are covered by the admission fee.
Extra trips: The BHFS participants can take advantage of their stay in the Balkans and take part in the optional excursion to Dubrovnik, Croatia on 15-16 July, 2017 for the additional fee of 210 EUR.
Insurance: The admission fee does not cover insurance. It is mandatory to arrange your own health insurance before your trip to Montenegro.
Weather: South-European (Mediterranean) climate with hot summers (30-40°C, 86-104°F) dominates in the region. Rainy and chillier days in this season are not unheard of.
What to bring?
The Admission fee includes: educational and fieldwork activities, full-board accommodation (including 3 meals per day), tools, materials, project e-handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees and administrative costs.
The price in USD is for orientation. Please check current exchange rates!.
The Early Bird admission fee is 1844 EUR (approx. 1973 USD).
The regular admission fee is 2049 EUR (approx.2192 USD).
Admission Fee Transfer Options:
- Bank transfer
- On-line transfers via the Balkan Heritage virtual POS Terminal VISA, MASTERCARD & MAESTRO cards are accepted.
For further information contact Admissions Office at [email protected]!
* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
Note, 7% of every admission fee for this project directly supports the Balkan Heritage Protection Fund's activities!
New Bulgarian University grants 6 ECTS credit units to students for attending this field school. Transcripts of Records (ToR) are available upon request for an additional tuition fee starting from 282 EUR. For details please read carefully the Regulations for obtaining Transcripts of Records.