Project type: Archaeological field school and excavations. The variety of activities and the team's professionalism and flexibility make this project suitable for both beginners and advanced in either Field or Classical Archaeology. Individual program and task assignments are available to advanced students.
About the project: This field school provides a glimpse into the Early Byzantine history and culture. It enables students to learn more about the Early Christian art, architecture, theology, cults, monastic art and everyday life through excavating an Early Christian monastery and attending various lectures, workshops and excursions.
Major field school topics/activities:
Early Byzantine and Early Christian culture, Art and History;
Archaeological field techniques and methods for excavation and documentation;
Finds' and samples processing;
Excursions to sites along the western Black Sea Coast.
Field school founded: 2009
Site: Early Christian monastery complex on Djanavara hill near Varna, Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Project venue: Varna, Bulgaria, Black Sea Coast
Period(s) of occupation: Early Byzantine (5th - 6th century CE)
BHF partners in this project: Varna Regional Museum of History; New Bulgarian University; Municipality of Strumyani (Bulgaria) and Institute for Field Research (IFR), USA
Directors: Vassil Tenekedjiev, PhD in Archaeology and prof. Alexander Minchev, Varna Regional Museum of History, Department of Archaeology
Project coordinator: Alexander Manev, PhD Candidate, Department of Classical Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology with Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Field school dates:
Application Deadlines: Until the places are filled or latest 1 May, 2017
Minimum length of stay for volunteers: Two weeks
Minimum age: 18
Number of field school places available: Maximum 25
Project language: English
Academic credits available: Students who study in Europe can receive up to 12 ECTS credits through New Bulgarian University, Bulgaria. Students who study outside Europe can obtain 8 semester credit units (equivalent to 12 quarter units) through IFR’s academic partner: University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA-Extension). See more details below!
Experience required: No
Special considerations: The project is not recommended for individuals with special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. Note: Citizens of the EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand do not need an entry visa for Bulgaria and Serbia. Citizens of countries not mentioned above should check in advance whether they will need entry visas for one or both countries. The cost of any visas is not included in the price of the field school!
If you are interested in an even more comprehensive experience with classical antiquity, check our BLACK SEA PACK combining this field school with Apollonia Pontica Excavation Project on the southern Bulgarian Black Sea Coast.
Varna is the largest Bulgarian city on the Black Sea coast and is an important trade, cultural and tourist center today with millenary history and numerous archaeological monuments. Near the city are the spectacular Mesolithic site at the desert-like area Pobiti Kamani and the Varna Copper Age necropolis (second half of the 5th millennium BCE) that once belonged to the Europe’s first civilization - 3000 gold items found there weigh more than 6 kg and show evidence of the world’s oldest goldsmith industry. The town itself was founded in the early 6th c. BCE during the Great Greek colonization by settlers from Milletus in Asia Minor. During Antiquity the city was known as Odessos - a name of Thracian origin, related to the water resources. Its prosperity was based on its good harbour and the intensive maritime trade with the Mediterranean world. The Early Byzantine period (4th-6th c. CE) is one of the most remarkable in the history of Odessos. After the Late Roman administrative reforms, Odessos benefitted from its geographical proximity to the the new capital Constantinople (Istanbul) and the new center of the province Moesia Secunda - Marcianopolis (Devnya) and grew into an important administrative and religious center. It became an episcopal see. Therefore, it is not surprising that within the ancient city limits a cathedral and six churches dated to the Early Byzantine period have been discovered. At least ten more and two monasteries existed in the vicinity of Odessos.
The monastery on Djanavara hill was one of the biggest and the most impressive Early Christian complexes not only in Varna region but in the northeastern Balkans. It was situated seven kilometers from the ancient city and not far from the renowned Via Pontica - a road along the western Black Sea Coast between the Danube Delta and Constantinople. The remains of the monastery were discovered in the beginning of the 20th c. by one of the founders of the Bulgarian Archaeology and Varna Archaeological Museum, Hermenegild Skorpil. He excavated the monastery church which had an unusual ground plan with parallels outside the Balkans, in Asia Minor and the Near East. The church's monumental architecture, colorful mosaics and beautiful marble decorations were impressive but the most breathtaking find was hidden under the altar. In the underground crypt Skorpil discovered relics (bones) of a saint put in an elaborated golden reliquary decorated with semi-precious stones. The reliquary was placed in a small silver sarcophagus-shaped box, placed in another one made of fine white marble.
Skorpil didn’t excavate more than the church and the courtyard with colonnades in front of it. Unfortunately he couldn’t publish his manuscript with excavation results which was lost after his death. The research was interrupted for almost 100 years. The cold case file was reopened at the end of the 20th c. by Prof. Alexander Minchev and his team from the Varna Archaeological Museum. In the course of twenty years they managed to recover most of the lost information about the church and proved the hypothesis of the discoverer of the site: the Christian temple was part of a large monastery, which developed gradually around it. So far archaeologists have determined four periods of building and reconstruction between the middle 5th and the early 7th c. CE. The thrill and the satisfaction of its excavations and discovery remain for the participants in the forthcoming excavations. Among the current research topics and questions are: what is the monastery architecture and planning like (archaeologists expect to find its library / scriptorium, the abbot house, the monks’ dormitories, the kitchen, the monastery enclosure, the gate/s, the outbuildings, the water supply system, etc); where is the monastery necropolis; why is the monastery church architecture so unusual and whose holy relics were placed under the altar (at the moment samples from the relics are in an Oxford lab for DNA analysis). Answers to all these questions can help researchers revеаl the origin and history of this significant Early Byzantine monastery and to which Early Christian community it belonged.
The Balkan Heritage Field School became part of the excavations of the monastery on Djanavara hill in 2009. For three years the students, while studying and practicing, contributed to the main goal of the research: recovering the lost information from the excavations in early 20th c. This was successfully achieved and now a book about the church is underway.
After a five year break, in 2017 the Balkan Heritage Field School will reopen the project at the monastery on Djanavara Hill. The field school provides a unique glimpse into the Early Byzantine history and culture along with the amazing opportunity: to dig at a significant Early Byzantine monastery on the Black Sea Coast and to learn more about the Early Christian art, architecture, theology, cults, monastic art and everyday life. Additionally, participants will visit the following archaeological and historic sites in Bulgaria: the Early Byzantine and Medieval fortress at Kaliakra cape, the Early Byzantine fortress and the archaeological reserve Yailata, the Early Byzantine fortress with episcopal basilica and a winery on St. Atanas cape, the archaeological sites and the museums of history in the town of Devnya (Late Roman city of Marcianopolis) and Balchik (ancient Dionysopolis), the Late Antiquity and Medieval site Madara (UNESCO World Heritage Site) and the first capital of Bulgaria - Pliska, several archaeological sites in Varna and the Varna Archaeological Museum.
The field school season 2017 envisions excavations at several places around the representative monastery colonnaded atrium (the central court) where during the previous excavations remains have been found of several buildings with at least four periods of reconstructions, making the site a good field for studying, practicing and gaining valuable hands on experience.
Two two-week sessions and one four-week session are available. Each includes fieldwork, lectures, workshops for finds' processing and documentation, excursions to significant archaeological and historical sites. The participants who join the four-week session will be able to develop further their field archaeology skills and competences and to attend more lectures, workshops and excursions (refer to the Course Program and the Agenda below!).
Students who are required to prepare field reports and presentations for their universities can receive additional instructions and assistance.
All participants will receive:
The two-week field school session provides a minimum of 75 hours of fieldwork and training, workshops, lectures and guided tours as follows:
The four-week session provides a minimum of 150 hours of fieldwork and training, workshops, lectures and guided tours incorporating all of those from the two-week session plus the following:
Arrival and check-in by 7.00 pm
8.00 - 9.30 pm - Traditional Bulgarian welcome dinner.
Meeting time/point on arrival date: 7:45- Hotel Tcherno More lobby
A pick-up may be arranged from Varna, Burgas, Sofia and Plovdiv airports, train or bus stations upon request.
Morning: Presentation of the Balkan Heritage Field School and collaborative universities & institutions, the project and the participants. Ice-breaking.
Afternoon: Town sightseeing and orientation walk.
6.30 - 7.10 am - Breakfast
7.10 - 7.30 am - Transfer to the excavation site;
7.30 am - 1.00/1:30 pm - Fieldwork, including 30 min break*
1.30 - 5:00 / 5.30 pm - Lunch and siesta break
5.00 / 5.30 - 7.00 / 7:30 pm - Lectures / workshops / lab work / sightseeing
7.30 - 8.30 pm - Dinner
* in cases of rain, the project envisions finds' processing workshops, lectures and film projections
The following study trips are included in the field school program and covered by the admission fee:
For participants in the two-week sessions:
For participants in the four-week session: All excursions included in the schedule above plus:
In the middle of each two-week session a one day off is envisaged. BHFS team can organize/assist with organization of various leisure activities for participants during their free time such as excursions, visiting natural and historical sites and beaches, boating, sailing, fishing, diving, attending cultural events, etc.
Departure day. Check-out by 11.30 am.
A drop-off may be arranged upon request.
Brown, P. The world of Late Antiquity. New York, 1971
Cormack, R. Byzantine Art (Oxford History of Art). Oxford University Press, 2000
Dalton, O. M. Byzantine Art and Archaeology. London, 1911
Dalton, O. M. Early Christian Art. London, 1925
Grant J., S. Gorin and N. Fleming. The Archaeology Coursebook: an introduction to themes, sites, methods and skills. Routledge. 2008
Jones, A. H. M. The Later Roman Empire, 284-602: A Social, Economic, and Administrative Survey. Volume 1 and 2. The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986
Krautheimer, R., Ć., Slobodan. Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture. The Yale University Press Pelican History of Art, 1993
Lowden, J. Early Christian and Byzantine Art. Phaidon Inc Ltd, 1997
Maas, M., eds. The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Justinian. Cambridge University Press, New York 2005. (Chapter 10)
Mango, C. History of World Architecture: Byzantine Architecture. Rizzoli International Publishing, New York, 1978.
Ovcharov, D., N. Ovcharov. Early Byzantine Architecture and Art in Bulgaria. In: Athena Review, Volume 3, no.1, 2001, 47-52.
Painter, K. Gold and Silver in the Late Roman World. British Museum Publications, London 1977
Renfrew, C. and P. Bahn. Archaeology: Theories, Methods and Practice. Thames & Hudson; Fifth Edition, 2008
Velkov, V. Cities in Thrace and Dacia in Late Antiquity (Studies and Materials). Amsterdam 1977.
The nearest airports: Varna airport (8 km/4 mi), Burgas airport (110 km/68 mi). Don't forget to check the low cost flight options! Transfers to Varna center from these airports may be arranged by request (Please, specify this in your application form!). Individual or group transfers' price may vary depending on both distance and number of passengers from 20 to 100 EUR. Ask for details!
Bus connections? Bus lines connect Varna with Burgas, Sofia (the Bulgarian capital) and Plovdiv.
A detailed travel-info sheet will be provided to the enrolled students.
Visa requirements: Citizens of EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Republic of Korea, Australia and New Zealand do not need a visa to visit Bulgaria or any of Bulgaria’s neighboring countries for up to 90 days, with the exception of Turkey. However, the Turkish government facilitates tourism by providing the option for obtaining an e-visa at www.evisa.gov.tr/en/. Citizens of all other countries may need a visa. The Balkan Heritage Foundation can send an official invitation letter that should be used at the relevant embassy to secure a visa to the program. For further details please visit our Visa information page.
Accommodation: In a downtown hotel Cherno More, in comfortable rooms with two to three beds (bathrooms with shower and WC, TV, air-conditioning and fridge). Cheap laundry service and free Wi-Fi are available at the hotel. Participants are not expected to bring any additional equipment, bed linens or towels. Single rooms are available upon request for the supplement of 200 EUR per week. Staying an extra day at the hotel costs 50 EUR (per night per person). The distance from the hotel to the site is app. 8 km/4.5 mi, and it takes app. 15 min drive. Daily BHFS shuttle service is arranged for the participants to bring them to the site and back.
Meals: Three meals per day are covered by the admission fee. They usually take place (except the brown-bag lunches during the excursions) at a local restaurant. This field school can accommodate vegetarians and individuals with lactose intolerance. Vegans and people with kosher and gluten-free diets should arrange their food themselves. They will receive a discount of 75 EUR per week off the regular admission fee!
Participants must pay on their own for extra days and for single room accommodation as well as for extra meals, beverages, services and products!
Free time: Guided visits to Varna Archaeological Museum, to Balchik (ancient Dionysopolis), to the Early Byzantine fortresses at Kaliakra cape and in Yailata archaeological reserve, all on the North Bulgarian Black Sea Coast will be organized for all field school participants. Participants in the four-week session will visit also Devnya (the Roman city of Marcianopolis), Madara archaeological reserve (UNESCO World Heritage Site) and archaeological site of Pliska – the first capital of the medieval Bulgarian Empire as well as the Early Byzantine fortress with episcopal basilica and winery on St. Atanas cape.
During the summer Varna offers a lot of opportunities for sports and entertainment. Possible leisure activities during the siesta and days off are: swimming, sunbathing, surfing, scuba diving, fishing, sailing, boating and even ice-skating. Participants can visit local beaches, the splendid Sea Garden for a walk and and numerous natural and heritage sites in Varna vicinity. The city offers cinemas and theaters, modern shopping areas, bars and restaurants, Aquarium, Dolphinarium, different museums and galleries, and open-air stages, where concerts for popular and classical music often take place.
Insurance: The admission fee does not cover insurance. It is mandatory to arrange your own health insurance before your trip to Bulgaria. All EU citizens can use Bulgarian medical services, as long as they can provide evidence of their home-country health insurance with a card/certificate, etc.
Weather: South-European (Transitional Mediterranean to Continental) climate with hot summers (30-40°C, 86-104°F) dominates in the region. Rainy and chillier days in this season are not uncommon.
What to bring?
Excavation & documentation tools and materials, as well as working gloves are available at the site!
The admission fee is valid only for students who enroll in this field school through the Balkan Heritage Field School (BHFS). Students wishing to benefit from the advantages of the BHF-IFR Program for the Balkans must enroll through the Institute for Field Research (IFR), USA and pay the admission fees corresponding to the IFR's terms and conditions.
BHFS admission fee includes: Educational and fieldwork activities, full-board accommodation (hotel + 3 meals per day), tools, materials, project handbook and issue of Certificate of Attendance, administrative costs and excursions included in the field school program plus relevant entrance fees.
The price in USD is approximate . Please check current exchange rates!
Super Early Bird Admission fee for two-week session is 1275 EUR* / app.1424 USD - SAVE 224 EUR / 250 USD
Super Early Bird Admission fee for four-week session is 2549 EUR*/ app. 2847 USD - SAVE 299 EUR / 334 USD
Early Bird Admission fee for two-week session is 1349 EUR* / app.1507 USD - SAVE 150 EUR / 168 USD
Early Bird Admission fee for four-week session is 2699 EUR* / app. 3014 USD - SAVE 149 EUR / 166 USD
The regular admission fee for two-week session is 1499 EUR* (app.1674 USD).
The regular admission fee for four-week session is 2848 EUR* (app. 3181 USD). (Includes 5% discount for participation in 2 sessions).
* All participants who are willing to organize either their food or accommodation or both separately, outside the project package, will receive a discount of 75 EUR per week (for each) and 150 EUR per week (for both) off the regular admission fee! For instance, if your admission fee for two-week session is 1259 EUR (the Early bird) and you prefer to organize and pay extra for your food and accommodation outside the project package, your admission fee will be reduced to 959 EUR (app. 1009 USD).
Admission Fee Transfer Options:
- Bank transfer
- Online transfers via the Balkan Heritage virtual POS Terminal VISA, MASTERCARD & MAESTRO cards are accepted.
For further information contact Admissions Office at [email protected]!
* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
Note, 5% of every admission fee for this project directly supports the Balkan Heritage Protection Fund's activities!