Project Type: field school (expedition). Two project versions: Standard and Extended.
The standard project is suitable for students, young specialists and people with interests in medieval orthodox architecture and art as well as documentation of architectural monuments and frescos that involves architectural and iconographic drawing as well as digital photography and travel.
The extended project is suitable for those who want to expand their skills in digital photography, illustration and travel even more.
Site/s: two to three medieval Christian Orthodox chapels and small churches located in Western Bulgaria in the standard project and many more located in both Western Bulgaria and Eastern Serbia during the extended project.
Venue: a hotel in Bankya, a small SPA town in the Sofia Metropolitan Area, Bulgaria.The fieldwork during the work days will involve travel to the church sites (app. 60-80 km away from Bankya) and the transport will be arranged by the Balkan Heritage Field School (BHFS).
Period: Late Medieval period (fourteenth to seventeenth century).
Standard Project:16 - 30 May, 2015
16 May - 6 June, 2015
Application Deadline: 10 April, 2015
Minimum length of stay: Two weeks
Minimum age: 18
Number of field school places available: up to 10
Project language: English
Experience required: All candidates are expected to have some familiarity with the basic principles of photography and digital SLR cameras. For those who don’t, the BHFS could offer the opportunity to take part in a special, brief but comprehensive online course about Digital Photography Basics by Sofia Photography School prior to their arrival in Bulgaria.
Special requirements: The project is not recommended for individuals with special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. Participantsare expected to bring a laptop having at least 5 GB free disk space, a mouse and an USB flash drive. Bringing a personal DSLR camera is recommended but not mandatory. Anyway there is no better way of gaining new skills in Digital Photography than exploring capacities of your own camera.
Note, citizens of EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand don't need entry visa for both Bulgaria and Serbia! Citizens of countries not mentioned above should check in advance, whether they will need entry visa for both countries!
THE EXPEDITION: "Fresco-Hunting" Photo Research Expedition to Medieval Balkan Churches provides a unique opportunity to students and volunteers to take part in an expedition for documentation of abandoned medieval churches/chapels and their frescoes in Western Bulgaria and to visit many other Christian Orthodox churches and monasteries, museums and archaeological sites in Sofia, Western Bulgaria and Eastern Serbia. The number of monuments in the project focus has been permanently decreasing due to the lack of effort to preserve and protect them from weather damage and vandalization. During the last seven years Bulgarian, Macedonian, US, Canadian and Japanese specialists and students from all over the world participating in the "Fresco-Hunting" Photo Expedition upgraded the existing database of drawn and photographic records of eleven churches and chapels in Western Bulgaria. Our aims are the publication of a "Corpus of Medieval Frescoes from Western Bulgaria" and development of further projects to support the sites in danger through conservation,restoration, development/improvement of the site's management and fund-raising. Our work raised the public awareness and some ecclesiastic edifices were partly conservated. Articles about two of them (Zimevitsa and Golesh) are now in print. Unfortunately many more remain in desperate condition awaiting either better times or slow deterioration.
ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND HISTORICAL CONTEXT: The decline of Bulgarian and Byzantine Empires in the fourteenth century, rise and fall of Serbian Kingdom (an Empire between 1346-1371), Ottoman conquest of South-eastern Europe and the apogee of Ottoman power between the second half of the fourteenth and the end of seventeenth century highlight the Balkan Late Medieval Period. Churches and chapels that will be visited and studied were built during these turbulent times in one of the few Balkan areas where the traditions of all the major Balkan Late Medieval Art Schools and Guilds (those of Constantinople, Tarnovo, Ohrid, Thessaloniki, the Athos Holy Mountain, Epirus, Creta and the Danubain principalities) met. What we see today from the once flourishing medieval Orthodox art in the area are just small chapels and churches that survived the Ottoman invasion in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries and the following social and political cataclysms. Many of these monuments are characterized by humble architecture and often hide exquisite frescoes behind their unattractive exterior. Most of them have been abandoned long ago. There is visible damage due to both vandalization(once in the period of the Ottoman Empire caused by either hostile Muslims or superstitious Christians, nowadays caused by looters and vandals) and/or weather conditions ruining them after they were abandoned.
THE FIELD SCHOOL In 2015 the expedition envisions to enhance the database created during the previous seasons by documenting architecture and frescoes (and their condition) of two to three medieval Christian Orthodox chapels and small churches in Western Bulgaria and collecting new data on their history, artifacts and environment. The region in focus is geographically and culturally very close to present-day Eastern Serbia, where a photo-excursion to a couple of medieval eccelsiastic monuments will take place. The students will be able to find paralels and make comparisons with the churches and their mural paintings across the border.
1. The Standard Field School Project (16 - 30 May, 2015) is comprised of:
Free optional course in Illustration of architectural features and frescos (using graphic software);
2. The Extended Field School Project (16 May - 6 June, 2015) is comprised of:
Optional tour of Istanbul (Turkey) is available for all students after the field school (6-10 June, 2015).
All participants will receive:
Ivan Vasilev (MA in Archaeology), President of the Balkan Heritage Foundation. Adjunct Professor, NBU. Expedition director.
Vassil Tenekedjiev (PhD in Archaeology),Varna Regional Museum of History.Expediton vice director.
Lectures (L), Workshops (W), Guided Tours (GT) and Field Instructions & Training (FIT):
Only for students in the Extended project:
Arrival and check-in by 7.30 pm
A pick-up can be arranged from the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.
Presentation of the Balkan Heritage Field School, the project and the participants. Ice-breaking and orientation. LECTURES, WORKSHOPS and VISITS of Sofia, including the the National Museum ofHistory and the Boyana church (UNESCO World Heritage Site).
Lectures and workshops in the area of South East European Medieval History, Orthodox Iconography, Iintroduction to Documental photography and project methodology.
Fieldwork at the sites (app.7-8 hours per day).
Fieldwork at the sites (app.7-8 hours per day)
Workshops for processing of digital images and development of digital archives as well as hagiography at the hotel. Presentation of preliminary project results.
Optional courses in Illustration of architectural features and frescos (using graphic software)
Departure for participants in the Standard Project. Check-out by 12.30 pm
Day off for participants in the Extended Project
A drop-off can be arranged to the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.
Study visits to medieval churches in Western Bulgaria.
Photo excursions in Eastern Serbia.
Photo Processing Workshops.
Departure for participants in the Extended Project. Check-out by 12.30 pm
A drop-off can be arranged to the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.
Guided visit to the Rila Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
The largest and oldest surviving Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria, est. in tenth century by St. Ivan Rilski (St. John of Rila).
Lectures and Workshops.
Chavrukov, G. Bulgarian monasteries. Septemvri Publishing House, Sofia. 1978
Cormack, Robin. Byzantine Art (Oxford History of Art). Oxford University Press. 2000
Filov, B. Early Bulgarian Art. Paul Haupt. 1919
Crampton, R. J. A. Concise History of Bulgaria (Cambridge Concise Histories) - Cambridge University Press; 2 edition (2006)
Gabov, Alexander and George Bevan. Recording the Weathering of Outdoor Stone Monuments Using Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI): The Case of the Guild of All Arts (Scarborough, Ontario).Journal of the Canadian Association for Conservation (J. CAC), Volume 36, 2011
Huntington, John C. Photography for Art Historical Field Research and Documentation –
Mango, Cyril. History of World Architecture: Byzantine Architecture. Rizzoli International Publishing, New York. 1978
Mora. P., Laura Mora. Conservation of Wall Paintings (Butterworth - Heinemann Series in Conservation and Museology). Butterworth-Heinemann. 1984
Safran, L (Editor). Heaven on Earth: Art and the Church in Byzantium. Pennsylvania State University Press. 1998
Tragido, Alfredo. Icons and Saints of the Eastern Orthodox Church (Guide to Imagery Series). 2006
Warda Jeffrey (Editor). The AIC Guide to Digital Photography and Conservation Documentation, AIC 2011
Nearest Air Terminal: Sofia - don't forget checking the low cost flight options!
How to get there? If participants arrive at either the Sofia airport or bus/train stations, a taxi transfer to the project venue in Bankya may be arranged by request (Please, specify this in your application form!). Individual or group transfers' price may vary depending on number of passengers from 10 to 20 EUR. Otherwise, participants could use Sofia public transport (bus, subway, train) to reach Bankya.
Accommodation and Food: in comfortable rooms with two to three beds (bathrooms with shower and WC, TV) in a hotel located in the downtown of Bankya, which also provides free Wi-Fi. Laundry service is available. Three meals (fresh, organic Bulgarian food) per day are covered by the admission fee. They usually take place (except the lunch packages during the excursions) in the hotel restaurant. Requests for vegetarian food are accepted. Staying an extra day at the hotel costs 35 EUR. Single rooms are available upon request for the supplement of 190 EUR (for one-week period).
Free time: Bankya and Sofia offer a lot of opportunities for good entertainment, SPA, sports, sightseeing and shopping. For more information look at: http://cityinfoguide.net - the Sofia monthly guide for culture and entertainment! SPA treatments, hiking and horse-riding are the possible leisure activities in Bankya! Guided visits of Sofia, including the Downtown, National Museum of History, Boyana Church (UNESCO World Heritage Site) and Rila Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site) are organized for all field school participants and covered by the admission fee. Participants in the Extended Field School Project will visit also a number of picturesque medieval monuments in Serbia including Poganovo and Temska monasteries as well as Pirot Castle.
Extra trips and excursions: The BHFS participants could take advantage of their stay in the Balkans and take part in the optional excursion to Istanbul (Turkey) on 6-10 June, 2015.
Insurance: The admission fee does not cover insurance. It is necessary to arrange your own insurance before your trip to Bulgaria. All EU citizens can use Bulgarian medical services, just like Bulgarian citizens, as long as they can provide evidence of their home-country health insurance with a card/certificate, etc.
Weather: Moderate continental climate influenced by surrounding mountains dominates in Sofia and the area of expedition making springtime refreshingly cool and rainy (12-25 C, 56-77 F). Accidentally lower temperatures may occur, but May could also be surprisingly hot (up to 30-35 C; 86 – 95 F).
What to bring?
The Admission fee includes: educational and fieldwork activities, full-board accommodation (hotel + 3 meals per day), tools, materials, project Handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees and administrative costs.
The price in USD is for orientation. Please check current exchange rates!.
The Early bird admission fee for the Standard Project/Extended Project is 1259/1889 EUR (app.1409/ 2119 USD
The regular admission fee for the Standard Project/Extended Project is 1399/2099 EUR (app.1559/ 2359 USD.
Admission Fee Transfer Options:
- Bank transfer
- On-line transfers via the Balkan Heritage virtual POS Terminal VISA, MASTERCARD & MAESTRO cards are accepted.
For further information contact Admissions Office at email@example.com!
* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
Note, 7% of every admission fee for this project directly supports the Balkan Heritage Protection Fund's activities!
Credit hours: New Bulgarian University grants 6 credits to students for participation in the Standard Field School Project and 9 credits for participation in the Extended Field School Project. Transcripts are available upon request for an additional tuition fee!For details please read the Regulations for obtaining Transcripts of Records!
Tuition fee: starting from 282 EUR for six ECTS credits / 423 EUR for nine ECTS credits