Balkan heritage FIELD SCHOOL project (COURSE) 2014:
WORKSHOP FOR CONSERVATION AND DOCUMENTATION OF ROMAN MOSAICS
Project type: field school (workshop). THE PROJECT IS SUITABLE FOR BEGINNERS (either volunteers or students in Historical and Art conservation and Archaeology)!
IF YOU ARE INTERESTED IN EVEN MORE COMPREHENISVE EXPERIENCE WITH CONSERVATION OF ROMAN ARTIFACTS, PLEASE SEE ALSO THE Workshop for Conservation and Documentation of Roman Mosaics and Mural Paintings (7-28 June, 2014)!
Period(s) in focus: Roman, Late Roman/Early Byzantine (Second century BC - Sixth century AD)
The Nearest Airports: Skopje, Macedonia (80 km) and Thessaloniki, Greece (160 km) - don't forget to check the low cost flight options! ! If participants arrive by plane to these airports, a transfer to Stobi may be arranged by request. Individual or group transfers' price may vary depending on both distance and number of passengers from 30 to 110 EUR.
How to get there? Stobi is located in the center of the Republic of Macedonia. It can be easily accessed by: 1. travelling by bus or car on the highway E-75 (from Athens, Greece to Belgrade, Serbia and Central Europe across Macedonia) - the highway exit STOBI is just in front of the site's entrance; 2. catching a bus/train from Skopje (Macedonia), Thessaloniki (Greece) - the stop is at Gradsko (5 km. away from Stobi), from there participants/visitors could get a taxi to Stobi or request a free pick-up available from 9.00 am to 7.00 pm on the arrival day (please ask for details); 3. from neighbouring towns of Negotino (15 km) and Kavadartsi (20 km) participants could get on a bus to Gradsko or on a taxi directly to Stobi.
Dates: 7 - 21 June 2014
Application Deadlines: 1 May, 2014
Minimum length of stay for volunteers: Two weeks
Minimum age: 18 (16, if the participant is accompanied by an adult family member)
The field school project was first initiated in 2012 and in 2012-2013 focused on conservation of the floor mosaics in the Theodossian Palace. Thanks to the hardworking conservation team of NI Stobi and all project participants as well as the Balkan Heritage funding two of the floor mosaics in that building were successfully conserved. In 2014 the project will move on to conservation of one of the mosaics in the Episcopal Basilica, which is considered to be the oldest and most important Early Christian monument in the Republic of Macedonia.
The Episcopal Basilica of Stobi has several construction phases dated between the 4th and the late 6th century AD (See the plan above!). The two major construction phases of the Episcopal Basilica are clearly visible in the plan, architecture, wall paintings and the mosaic floor decoration of the edifice. During the first phase the floor of the nave was covered by a colorful mosaic in opus tessalatum with dominant geometric and floral motifs and two central frames containing the initials of Jesus Christ (in Greek) and a medallion with a Christological message to all believers who visit the church. Later, around 360 - 370 AD, the first ecclesiastic edifice was reconstructed and extended to the east by bishop Eusthatius, who is mentioned as the commissioner of the reconstruction in the mosaic in front of the new altar. On the mosaic his name was written over a splendid kantharos symbolizing the Source of Life. In the second half of the 5th century AD on top of the Old basilica was built a new three - aisled basilica commissioned by Bishop Philip. The floors in the nave, the south aisle and the narthex as well as many of the walls were adorned with mosaics. The magnificent one that covered the floor of the baptistery (the end of the 5th - beginning of the 6th century AD) illustrates the 41st psalm of David with two alternated presentations of peacocks and deers around a kantharos.
During the workshop participants will be guided through the consequent stages of study, conservation, restoration and documentation as well as the history and technology of Roman and Late Roman mosaics. They will work with either authentic Late Roman mosaic fragments or on an original Late Roman mosaic floor in situ located/found in the ancient city of Stobi!
By the end of the workshop the participants will:
New Bulgarian University grants 6 academic credits to students for participation in the project. Transcripts are available upon request for an additional tuition fee! For details please read the BHFS Regulations for obtaining ToR
Archaeological and historical context: The historical references and archaeological excavations provide an evidence of continuous occupation of Stobi rooting to the Archaic (sixth century BC) and Classical period (fifth-fourth century BC). The first historic records that mention Stobi are by the Roman historian Titus Livy, and concern the period of the second century BC, when (in 197 BC) the Macedonian king Philip V defeated the Dardanians in the vicinity of Stobi. According to Livy, after the Roman conquests of Macedonia, Stobi became an important center for salt trading. In 69 AD Empreror Vespasian granted Stobi the rank of municipium and the right to mint its own coins. Salt trading and the strategic position between two rivers on the cross-road of the ancient road along the Vardar valley and the branches of Via Diagonalis and Via Egnatia, brought to the city long-term prosperity between the first and the third centuries AD. Several monumental buildings in Stobi are dated to this period: the Theater, the first City Wall, the Gate of Heraclea, part of the Forum Romanorum, Casa Romana, the Synagogue and the water supply system. In 267/269 AD the city suffered from raids by Goths and Herules. After their devastating attacks, Stobi was rebuilt, but following a different urban model. Most of the ruins visible today belong to buildings dated to this period. In the fourth century AD Stobi became an important Christian center and seat of mighty bishops. In the fifth and sixth century, Stobi was the capital city of the Roman province Macedonia Secunda, but suffered from the raids of Huns, Ostrogoths, Avars and Slavs. An earthquake in 518 AD marked the beginning of the end of urban life in Stobi. Some records mention a small Slav community that settled and lived here in later centuries. The last historical reference regarding Stobi is about the victory of the Byzantine troops over the military crew of Stobi in the eleventh century AD.
Collaborative Universities & Institutions: The Balkan Heritage Foundation, National Institution Stobi and New Bulgarian University.
Project Director: Silvana Blazhevska (Director of NI Stobi, archaeologist).
Chief conservator: Dragan Vergoski (Senior Conservator, National Conservation Centre of Macedonia).
Other instructors and activity supervisors:
Room and Board arrangements: Participants will be accommodated in the recently renovated air-conditioned cabins at the archaeological base next to the ancient ruins of Stobi, in rooms with two to three beds. Every cabin has 4 bedrooms + living room, 2 bathrooms with showers and WC. A washing machine and Wi-Fi are available for free. Three meals (fresh, homemade food) per day are covered by the admission fee. They usually take place (except the lunch packages during the excursions) at the base's premises. Requests for vegetarian food are accepted.
Free time: Films, sport games and visits to the neighbouring towns/villages are the options for the free time in the evenings. Guided visits to the town of Bitola, the archaeological site of Heraclea Lyncestis, Ohrid and Ohrid lake (UNESCO World Heritage Site) will be organized for all field school participants and are covered by the admission fee.
Extra trips and excursions: The BHFS participants could take advantage of their stay in the Balkans and take trips to some worth seeing historical sites and towns nearby. The BHFS encourages participants in the current project to visit after the field school either Athens, Greece (650 km/400 mi) or Sofia, Bulgaria (300 km/190 mi). The BHFS can assist the participants who plan to organize their own trips with trip advices and recommendations, accommodation and tickets reservations, by providing historical information about the sites to be visited, arranging travel insurance and other tips. With our help these excursions could be cheap, easy, safe and pleasant. Look-up at other suggested travel ideas before/after the field school!
The Admission fee includes all educational and practical activities, tools and materials, full-board accommodation (hotel + 3 meals per day), project handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees and administrative costs.
LAST MINUTE REGISTRATION - BY MAY 31st, 2014:
The Last Minute Registration admission fee for the Project is 1286 EUR (app.1719 USD. Check current exchange rates!).
REGULAR ADMISSION FEE:
The regular admission fee for the Project is 1429 EUR (app.1919 USD. Check current exchange rates!)
Admission fee transfer options (for further information contact Admissions Office at firstname.lastname@example.org):
DISCOUNTS OFF THE REGULAR ADMISSION FEE:
* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
NOTE, 7% OF EVERY ADMISSION FEE FOR THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS THE BALKAN HERITAGE PROTECTION FUND'S ACTIVITIES!