BALKAN HERITAGE FIELD SCHOOL PROJECT (COURSE) 2014:
"FRESCO-HUNTING" PHOTO RESEARCH EXPEDITION
TO MEDIEVAL BALKAN CHURCHES



 

 

Project Type: field school (expedition). Two project versions: Standard and Extended.

THE STANDARD PROJECT IS SUITABLE FOR STUDENTS, YOUNG SPECIALISTS AND PEOPLE WITH INTERESTS IN EUROPEAN MEDIEVAL STUDIES, ORTHODOX ARCHITECTURE AND ART, FRESCO RESTORATION AND CONSERVATION AS WELL AS PHOTOGRAPHY.

THE EXTENDED PROJECT IS SUITABLE ALSO FOR THOSE WITH INTEREST IN DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY AND DOCUMENTATION OF ARTIFACTS AND ARCHITECTURE AND HAVE SOME FAMILIARITY WITH THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOGRAPHY, DIGITAL SLR CAMERAS AND THOSE WHO ARE COMFORTABLE WITH LEARNING NEW COMPUTER PROGRAMS.

Site/s: three to five medieval Christian Orthodox chapels and small churches in Western Bulgaria and Eastern Serbia.

Period: Late Medieval period (fourteenth to seventeenth century).

Project Venue: a hotel in Bankya, a small SPA town in the Sofia Metropolitan Area, Bulgaria.The fieldwork during the work days will involve travel to the church sites (app. 60-80 km away from Bankya) and the transport will be arranged by the Balkan Heritage Field School (BHFS).

Nearest Air Terminal: Sofia - don't forget checking the low cost  flight options! 

How to get there? If participants arrive at either the Sofia airport or bus/train stations, a taxi transfer to the project venue in Bankya may be arranged by request (Please, specify this in your application form!). Individual or group transfers' price may vary depending on number of passengers from 10 to 20 EUR. Otherwise, participants could use Sofia public transport (bus, subway, train) to reach Bankya.
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THE FIELD SCHOOL

 
Dates:
Standard Project:17 - 31 May, 2014
Extended Project: 17 May - 7 June, 2014
Application Deadline: 10 April, 2014
Minimum length of stay: Two weeks
Minimum age: 18
Number of field school places available: 12
Project language: English
 
Experience required:
  • No (for participants in the Standard project).
  • Participants in the Extended project are expected to have some familiarity with the basic principles of photography, digital SLR cameras and those who are comfortable with learning new computer programs.
Special requirements: The project is not recommended for individuals with special illnesses that might be exacerbated during the intensive outdoor activities. Each participant is expected to bring a personal DSLR camera, a laptop having at least 5 GB free disk space, a mouse and an USB flash drive. 

Note, citizens of EU, EEA, USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand don't need entry visa for both Bulgaria and Serbia! Ctizens of countries not mentioned above should check in advance, whether they will need entry visa for both countries!

The Expedition: "Fresco-Hunting" Photo Research Expedition to Medieval Balkan Churches provides a unique opportunity to students and volunteers to take part in an expedition for documentation of abandoned medieval churches/chapels and their frescoes in Western Bulgaria and to visit many other Christian Orthodox churches and monasteries, museums and archaeological sites in Sofia, Western Bulgaria and Eastern Serbia. The number of monuments in the project focus has been permanently decreasing due to the lack of effort to preserve and protect them from weather damage and vandalization.  During the last six years the "Fresco-Hunting" Photo Expedition upgraded the existing database of drawn and photographic records of eleven churches and chapels in Western Bulgaria. The objective is: the publication of a "Corpus of Medieval Frescoes from Western Bulgaria" and development of further projects to support the sites in danger through conservation,restoration, development/improvement of the site's management and fund-raising.

Archaeological and Historical Context: The decline of Bulgarian and Byzantine Empires in the fourteenth century, rise and fall of Serbian Kingdom (an Empire between 1346-1371), Ottoman conquest  of South-eastern Europe and the apogee of Ottoman power between the second half of the fourteenth and the end of seventeenth century highlight the Balkan Late Medieval Period. Churches and chapels that will be visited and studied were built during these turbulent times in one of the few Balkan areas where the traditions of all the major Balkan Late Medieval Art Schools and Guilds (those of Constantinople, Tarnovo, Ohrid, Thessaloniki, the Athos Holy Mountain, Epirus, Creta and the Danubain principalities) met. What we see today from the once flourishing medieval Orthodox art in the area are just small chapels and churches that survived the "disastrous" Ottoman invasion in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Many of these monuments are characterized by humble architecture and often hide exquisite frescoes behind their unattractive exterior. Most of them have been abandoned long ago. There is visible damage due to both hostile acts of Muslims (in the period of Ottoman domination: fifteenth to nineteenth century.) and/or weather conditions ruining them after they were abandoned. 

The Field School: In 2014 the expedition envisions to enhance the database created during the previous seasons by documenting architecture and frescoes (and their condition) of two to three medieval Christian Orthodox chapels and small churches in Western Bulgaria and collecting new data on their history, artifacts and environment. The target region is geographically and culturally very close to present-day Eastern Serbia, where a photo-excursion to a couple of medieval eccelsiastic monuments will take place. The students will be able to find paralels and make comparisons with the churches and their mural paintings across the border.

1. The Standard Field School Project (17 - 31 May, 2014) is comprised of:

  • Fieldwork that entails the creation of both graphic (drawn) and photographic records of ecclesiastic edifices and frescos (two to three churches will be in the focus of study);
  • Educational course - specialized lectures in South East European Medieval History, Orthodox iconography, introduction to Documental Photography, Fresco Conservation and Restoration as well as Workshops for Graphic Documentation (drawn and photographic record) and Processing of Digital Images and Development of Digital Archives. Free optional courses in Illustration of architectural features and frescos (using graphic software) and Orthophotograhy are available to all participants;
  • Excursions/guided tours of Sofia and the Rila Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Bulgaria and the following 14th-century sites in Serbia: Poganovo Monastery, Sveti Nikola church in Stanichene, Momchilov Grad Fortress in Pirot  (refer to the Field School Agenda!).

2. The Extended Field School Project (17 May - 7 June, 2014) is comprised of:

  • All the elements of the Standard Project mentioned above during the first two project weeks;
  • Workshop on Advanced Digital Photographic Documentation of Artifacts and Architecture (RTI And Photogrammetry) during the third project week. This workshop will instruct students on the use of the latest techniques in Computational Photography to document a Medieval church in Western Bulgaria. The instruction will focus on the use of flexible, non-destructive and low-cost documentation techniques to capture 3D data using digital cameras. These techniques will include Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI), a powerful technique to expose minute surface details by dynamic relighting, and close-range photogrammetry, which uses overlapping images to create true 3D models or architectural features. Discussed as well will be image processing techniques to enhance faded images, the creation of image mosaics, as well as best-practices for technical photography. The practical goal of this 2014 workshop is to document the faintly visible graffiti on the church frescos, produce drawings of them, and finally to incorporate them into the project record. The students will learn the basics of good technical photography, and the theory of both RTI and photogrammetry. They will, by the end of the course, be able to set-up, shoot and post-process RTI images. They will also be able to take these images to create 2D drawn records of graffiti and inscriptions. The students should also be able to plan and execute close-range photogrammetry projects, including the creation and manipulation of colour point-clouds and the generation of orthophotos. 

All participants will receive:

  • Project handbook (in PDF version by e-mail and a hard copy on arrival);
  • Balkan Heritage Field School Certificate specifying the fieldwork hours, educational modules, and sites visited.
Credit hours:  New Bulgarian University grants 6 credits to students for participation in the Standard Field School Project and 9 credits for participation in the Extended Field School Project. Transcripts are available upon request for an additional tuition fee! For details please read the BHFS Regulations for obtaining ToR!

Collaborative Universities & Institutions: the Balkan Heritage Foundation; New Bulgarian University, Bulgaria and Conservation Of Sculptures, Monuments And Objects (CSMO), Canada.

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THE TEAM

Project director: Ivan Vasilev (President of the Balkan Heritage Foundation, Visiting Professor, Medieval Art and Heritage Preservation, NBU)
  • Angel Angelov (PhD) - Assistant Professor at Sofia University, Bulgaria and Balkan Heritage affiliated archaeologist;
  • George A. Bevan (PhD) - Assistant Professor, Department of Classics, Queen's University, Canada
  • Kalina Stoyanova (PhD candidate) - Archaeologist and artifact illustrator; PhD student at the Department of Classical Archaeology, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences;
  • Tamaki Suzuki (PhD candidate) - Research Fellow (Architecture), Japan Centre for International Cooperation in Conservation National Research Institute for Cultural Properties, Tokyo;
  • Vassil Tenekedjiev (PhD) - Archaeologist and curator (Early Byzantine period), Varna Regional Museum of History;  Balkan Heritage Branch Manager in Varna, Bulgaria.

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THE PROGRAM

Lectures (L), Workshops (W), Guided Tours (GT) and Field Instructions & Trainings (FIT): 

  • History of Bulgaria and the Central Balkans in the Middle Ages (L) - live at the National History Museum;
  • Architecture of Orthodox Churches (L) - live in Sofia;
  • Medieval and Late Medieval Churches in Western Bulgaria (L);
  • Iconographic Program of Orthodox Churches (L) - live in an Orthodox church;
  • Themes and Characters in Orthodox Iconography (L) - live in an Orthodox church;
  • Orthodox Icons. Iconostasis (L) - live in an Orthodox church;
  • Stages in Development of a Wall-paintings Conservation and Restoration Project (L);
  • Basic Field Methods and Practices for Documentation of Architecture and Frescos (L);
  • Introduction to the Expedition Field Journal (FIT);
  • Field Graphic and Photographic Documentation:
    • How to Draw a Ground-plan/Elevetion-plan/Cross-section using Scale (W, FIT);
    • Documental Photography (L, FIT); 
    • How to Organize a Photo Documentation Project? (W).
  • Post-expedition work and digital archiving (W);
  • History of Sofia (GT) - live in Sofia;
  • History and Art of Boyana Church (GT) - live in Boyana Church;
  • History of the Rila Monastery (GT) - live in Rila Monastery;
  • Life in the Orthodox Monastery (GT) - live in Rila Monastery;
  • Introduction to Hagiograhy (W);
  • Illustration (by using graphic software) of Architectural Features and Wall-paintings (W) - optional;
  • Digital Orthophotograhy (W, FIT) - optional.

Only for students in the Extended project:

  • Introduction to Computational Photography: Theory and Practice (L);
  • Technical Photography Fundamentals (L);
  • Introduction to Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and Photogrammetry (L, FIT);
  • RTI and Photogrammetry Capture and Processing Practice (W);
  • RTI and Photogrammetry Fieldwork for Epigraphy and reliefs (W);
  • Workshop for Digital Drawing related to RTI and Photogrammetry (W).

THE AGENDA:

Dates
Activities
Notes
17 May, 2014

Arrival and check-in by 7.30 pm

A pick-up can be arranged from  the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.
18-20 May, 2014

Presentation of the Balkan Heritage Field School and colaborative universities & institutions, the project and the participants. Ice-breaking and orientation. LECTURES, WORKSHOPS and VISITS of Sofia, including the the National  Museum of History and the Boyana church (UNESCO World Heritage Site).

Lectures and workshops in the area of South East European Medieval History, Orthodox Iconography, Iintroduction to documental photography and project methodology.

21-23 May, 2014

Fieldwork at the sites (app.7-8 hours per day).


24 May, 2014 Day off

 25 May, 2014

Guided visit to the Rila Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site) The largest and oldest surviving Orthodox monastery in Bulgaria, est. in tenth century by St. Ivan Rilski (St. John of Rila).
26-28 May, 2014

Fieldwork at the sites (app.7-8 hours per day)

Photo excursion to Poganovo Monastery, Sveti Nikola church in Stanichene, Momchilov Grad Fortress in Pirot, Serbia

 

29-30 May, 2014

Workshops for processing of digital images and development of digital archives as well as hagiography at the hotel. Presentation of preliminary project results.

Optional courses in Illustration of architectural features and frescos (using graphic software) and Orthophotograhy.

31 May, 2014

Departure for participants in the Standard Project. Check-out by 12.30 pm

Day off for participants in the Extended Project

A drop-off can be arranged to the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.

1-2 June, 2014
Lectures and Workshops related to Advanced Digital Photographic Documentation of Artifacts and Architecture: Reflectance Transformation Imaging (RTI) and Photogrammetry.

 

3 - 6 June, 2014

Field training on RTI and Photogrammetry at one medieval ecclesiastic edifice and an area with a couple of standing stone-crosses dedicated to different Christian saints. Processing of data. Workshop for Digital Drawing related to RTI and Photogrammetry.






 7 June, 2014

Departure for participants in the Extended Project. Check-out by 12.30 pm

A drop-off can be arranged to the Sofia airport, train or bus stations upon request.

The hotel in Bankya


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ACCOMMODATION AND FREE TIME

Accommodation and Food: in comfortable rooms with two to three beds (bathrooms with shower and WC, TV) in a hotel located in the downtown of Bankya, wich also provides free Wi-Fi. Laundry service is available. Three meals (fresh, organic Bulgarian food) per day are covered by the admission fee. They usually take place (except the lunch packages during the excursions) in the hotel restaurant. Requests for vegetarian food are accepted. Staying an extra day at the hotel costs 33 EUR. Single rooms are available upon request for the supplement of 170 EUR (for one-week period).

Free time: Bankya and esp. Sofia offer a lot of opportunities for good entertainment, SPA, sports, sightseeing and shopping. For more information look at: http://cityinfoguide.net - the Sofia monthly guide for culture and entertainment! SPA treatments, hiking and horse-riding are the possible leisure activities in Bankya! Guided visits of Sofia, including the National Museum of History and Boyana Church and as well as Rila Monastery (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Bulgaria  and various medieval monuments in Serbia are organized for all field school participants and covered by the admission fee.

Extra trips and excursions: The BHFS participants could take advantage of their stay in the Balkans and take trips to some worth seeing historical sites and towns nearby. The BHFS encourages participants in the current project to visit after the field school either Athens, Greece (800 km/500 mi) or Istanbul, Turkey (570 km/350 mi). The BHFS can assist the participants who plan to organize their own trips with trip advices and recommendations, accommodation and tickets reservations, by providing historical information about the sites to be visited, arranging travel insurance and other tips. With our help these excursions could be cheap, easy, safe and pleasant. Look-up at other suggested travel ideas before/after the field school!

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THE ADMISSION FEE

The Admission fee includes educational and fieldwork activities, full-board accommodation (hotel + 3 meals per day), tools, materials, project Handbook, issue of Certificate of Attendance, excursions/sightseeing tours/entrance fees and administrative costs.

EARLY REGISTRATION BY JANUARY 31st, 2014:

The Early bird admission fee for the Standard Project/Extended Project is 1259/1889 EUR (app.1599/ 2429 USD. Check current exchange rates!).

REGISTRATION AFTER JANUARY 31st, 2014:

The regular admission fee for the Standard Project/Extended Project is 1399/2099 EUR (app.1799/ 2699 USD. Check current exchange rates!)

Admission fee transfer options (for further information contact Admissions Office at bhfs.admissions@gmail.com):

- Bank transfer
-
On-line transfers  

 

DISCOUNTS OFF THE REGULAR ADMISSION FEE:

* 5% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:

  1. Participation in more than 1 BHFS project or project session in 2014. (5% discount is valid for all projects/sessions to be attended).
  2. Membership in the Archaeological Institute of America.

* 10% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:

  1. Participation in any BHFS project/s in the past.

* 12% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee available in case of:

  1. Group Participation (three or more people, who participate in one project session in 2014 (the discount is valid for each participant)
* 15% DISCOUNT OFF the regular admission fee is available in case of:
  1. Group Participation (three or more people, who participate in more than one BHFS project or project session in 2014 (the discount is valid for each participant for all projects/ sessions to be attended).
  2. BHFS alumni, who participate in more than one BHFS project or project session in 2014. (15% discount is valid only for the second, third etc. project/session to be attended).

NOTE, 7% OF EVERY ADMISSION FEE FOR THIS PROJECT DIRECTLY SUPPORTS THE BALKAN HERITAGE PROTECTION FUND'S ACTIVITIES!

For more information about scholarships, low-cost flights, hotels, etc. please feel free to contact us or look at our recommended links at:  http://www.bhfieldschool.org/bh.links.html

 

APPLY ONLINE FOR ADMISSION TO THE PROJECT